November 23, 2020 - The coronavirus epidemic has had a devastating effect on the female population in Montenegro, according to a study by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) "Contribution to the Montenegrin economy and unpaid work and care," which covered the period of the first wave from February to June.
A large number of women lost their jobs. Their salaries were reduced, especially in the private sector.
Traditionally, women in Montenegro participate much more in unpaid work and household care than men, which is an additional problem for economic gender equality.
"The number of unemployed women increased by 3,560 from the end of February to the end of June. That is the majority of the total number. So another official fact is that more women than men lost their jobs," said Milos Vukovic, the author of the research.
"The largest increase in unemployed women is in the category of 31 to 40 years, almost a thousand less employed women. As you can see, COVID19 hit the younger female population the hardest," Vukovic pointed out.
The following data does not leave room for optimism either.
"The category of unemployed women looking for work for up to a year, meaning the number of short-term unemployed, has risen by almost 40 percent. It is just the beginning of the COVID19 impact, February-June. We can expect this situation to be even worse next year," he said. Vukovic.
The drop in net earnings for the four months of the virus's operation totals as much as 2.34 million euros.
Here, too, says Vukovic, we have an unequal impact on the female population.
While wages fell in the area of accommodation, agriculture, and trade, there was an increase in health care.
"Private individuals and private companies fired workers, especially women, much faster than women who were in the public sector," Vukovic said.
Society cannot function without unpaid work and care in the household. However, in Montenegro, women are in the lead because as many as 90 percent of them spend at least one hour a day in unpaid care.
"Women earned 122 million euros in cash in three months of the pandemic. That's not money - we expressed in money the value of unpaid work and household care, which is as much as 92 percent more than men," said Danijela Gasparikova, UNDP Resident Representative in Montenegro.
It is estimated that a woman born in Montenegro will spend at least eight years of her life doing unpaid work.
The UNDP warns that the data are an alarm for decision-makers.
TV Vijesti on UNDP research:
Text by Danilo Ajkovic
November 23, 2020 - The re-adapted and re-arranged central market in Herceg Novi has been working again since this morning. Its doors were symbolically opened by the stallholders, not hiding their satisfaction with the improvement of working conditions and the more beautiful appearance of this market in the heart of the city.
The representatives of the Municipality of Herceg Novi toured the entire area this morning, and talked to the stallholders.
"With the reconstruction, Herceg Novi now has one of the most beautiful markets in Montenegro. I am glad that the sellers and the residents will have far better conditions for work and shopping than previously. In conversation with them, I see that they are satisfied with the adaptation," said the President of the Municipality, Stevan Katic.
Katic also announced that a memorial plaque to Zulfikar Zuk Dzumhur should be placed on a nearby building in the next fifteen days, in memory of this artist who loved Herceg Novi and spent most of his time in that place near the market.
"I think that the market is the heart of a city and I believe that stallholders will be more satisfied, and citizens and tourists will enjoy coming and trading here. We also now have a space where we have the opportunity to organize bazaars and other similar events," said the Vice President of the Municipality, Miloš Konjević.
The leaders of the Municipality expressed their gratitude to the management and employees of the public company "Komunalno Stambeno," who completed the adaptation of the city market to a high standard. They also praised the company "Vodovod I Kanalizacija," which gave its full contribution to this project.
Citizens can trade with 36 tenants on the Novska market, but that number will be even higher on market days.
"Consumers and sellers, as well as the citizens themselves, are delighted with what's currently on offer in this market. Considering the funds invested, I think that we have reached the current maximum, and we will continue with the actions of arranging some details and finishing the business premises in our ownership, to be leased later," said the head of the market, Ilija Bačanović.
Thanks to the newly installed lighting, it will now be possible to work at night in the market, Bačanović notes. In "Komunalno Stambeno," they plan to use this opportunity through the organization of bazaars, fairs, exhibitions, and other similar events after working hours, to the satisfaction of all citizens of Novi.
The works on the market in the center of Herceg Novi included a full adaptation and adjustment to all conditions according to the HACCP standard system.
The opening of the market was marked by a musical performance by Zoro Martinetti, a member of the cult group Exodusi, playing his trumpet from the Tora, as well as professors from the Music School, who played from one of the balconies above Nikola Đurković Square.
Source: Radio Jadran
November 23, 2020 - The National Coordination Body for Infectious Diseases (NKT) decided today, at a session chaired by President Kenan Hrapović, to shorten the working hours of catering and service facilities by two hours. Also, NKT extended the period of the ban on leaving residential buildings by the same amount, the Government of Montenegro announced. The measures will be applied from Wednesday, November 25, 2020 at 00:00.
"Due to the complex epidemiological situation NKT, at the suggestion of the Institute of Public Health of Montenegro, decided to shorten the working hours of catering and service activities from the current 07:00 - 20:00 to 07:00 - 18:00, and extend the application of the ban on leaving residential buildings from the current 21:00 - 05:00 to 19:00 - 05:00 the next day. The measures will be applied from Wednesday, November 25, 2020 at 00:00 to December 8, until when the application of the measures adopted on November 13 is extended," the statement reads.
The statement adds that "NKT, considering the epidemiological situation on the one hand and the economic situation on the other, this time again adopted well-balanced measures intending to affect citizens, the economy and entrepreneurs as little as possible, and to give the expected result."
"The National Coordination Body calls on citizens to fully respect all measures because that is the only way to suppress the spread of coronavirus. Considering the health situation, NKT assessed that our health system, thanks to good planning, timely activities and expertise and sacrifice of health workers, is still able to resist the pandemic, despite the worrying degree of infection. The NKT has also understood the huge workload of employees in primary health care and initiated a process aimed at relieving the primary health sector," the statement reads.
Source: Government of Montenegro
November 21, 2020 - Total quarantine would not lead to a better epidemiological situation in Montenegro in the long run, believes the president of the Medical Chamber, Aleksandar Mugosa. He said that the citizens of Montenegro must prepare for a slightly longer fight.
"I am not sure that "total quarantine" would bring a better situation in the long run. And I am sure that it would further aggravate the difficult situation for many families who do not have enough money to live on," Mugosa told the MINA agency.
He believes that the measures that are currently in force will give results in the short term, but also the long run.
"Of course, if we learn to live with them, if we all strictly respect them, without exception. I don't think that closing schools, parks, playgrounds, sports fields, communication between cities would bring a much better situation, and it would lead to bad things for sure," Mugosa said.
He said that due to the situation we are in today, he understands the reasons why colleagues from the Institute of Public Health proposed "total quarantine" - complete closure in the coming months.
"Except for public health concerns, because they are primarily doctors, I believe that in this way they are trying to remove the burden of responsibility for everything that will happen in the coming period," Mugoša believes.
As he stated, the whole concept that some propose, others bring, and still others control the implementation of measures proved to be wrong, among other things because two key things are missing - trust and responsibility.
"The Norwegian Minister of Health recently stated, 'Everyone who has been in close contact with an infected person must go into self-isolation.' Everyone, without exception. "The first time we break that rule, people won't believe we're doing the right thing. That's the key," Mugosa said.
He stated that the "key" is the issue of trust, which has long been lost among all Montenegrin citizens, who are "victims" of these measures.
"We no longer believe that the National Coordination Body is doing the right thing. It is superfluous to talk about responsibility, considering what we have witnessed in recent months," said Mugosa.
He said that the citizens of Montenegro must understand that human lives are at stake.
"Not just one life, but the lives of a large number of Montenegrin citizens. Such a moment has no price. We must do everything to keep the number of cases and deaths as low as possible over the next few months, if not the whole of next year," concluded Mugosa.
November 21, 2020 - The first volume of the edition "Monumenta Montenegrina Vaticana", published by historians Slavko Burzanović and Boban Batrićević, has been published by the Ministry of Culture. It is a valuable collection of documents on the Concordat of the Principality of Montenegro and the Holy See from 1886. "Monumenta Montenegrina Vaticana" is a capital work that testifies to the long and rich history of our state, law, and culture in the broadest sense of the word.
The Ministry of Culture, with the help of the Embassy of Montenegro at the Holy See, recognized the importance of cooperation with the Vatican Archives and took steps to pave the way for Montenegrin researchers. The result of these efforts is the first book from the edition "Monumenta Montenegrina Vaticana", which is a documentation of the agreement between the Principality of Montenegro and the Holy See that regulates the position of the Catholic community in Montenegro. This rare act of an Orthodox monarchy speaks of the modernity of the political thought of King Nikola, who laid the foundations of coexistence with others - said the Minister of Culture, Aleksandar Bogdanović.
He assessed that this edition is the best proof of the inter-confessional relations on which Montenegro rested and on which it should rest still today.
"Illuminating the paths of existence is a duty and a privilege for every researcher and institution. Only a clear picture of who we were allows us to complete the Montenegrin mosaic and answer the questions of who we are today. This book is not only a documentary presentation of the development path of signing the agreement between the two sovereign states but also a confirmation of the development of diplomacy," Minister Bogdanović pointed out.
The edition, prepared in honor of almost 120 years since the contractual relations between the two independent states, as he emphasized, deserves the attention not only of professional and academic circles but also of the wider lay audience.
Everyone will find in it something new and unknown, a tile that proves or refutes the basic assumptions, but also a broader picture of the depth of relations between two different states. A careful reader, leafing through the pages of this book, will better understand the essence of Montenegrin freedom, under whose light there was enough space for everyone. On the other hand, this project speaks of awareness of the importance of collecting historical material about Montenegro in foreign archives, which begins to eliminate a shortcoming in the research of our past - said Bogdanović.
"The book "Monumenta Montenegrina Vaticana" is the first in a series of editions to be printed by the Ministry of Culture, as well as other Montenegrin scientific and cultural institutions, in the coming period. It is worth mentioning that Montenegro is very present in all three major Vatican archives - in addition to the Vatican State Archive and the Fide Propaganda Archive, there is also the Apostolic Archive, which until recently was usually called the "Secret Archive." Accordingly, working with rich documentation will be a challenge for Montenegrin historians and archivists for many years to come.
The organizers consulted material from the archives of Propaganda Fide and material from other funds of the State Archives, as well as material from the State Archives of Montenegro, the Archives and Library Department of the National Museum of Montenegro, and the archives of the Bar Archdiocese. The collection is the result of the collective engagement and cooperation of a large number of people, and the creation of the work in a relatively short time would not have been possible without the organizational support of the Embassy of Montenegro at the Holy See. We especially emphasize the activity of the Director of the State Archives in the Vatican, Dr. Johannes X, whom we thank on this occasion for his exceptional attention and support. All this was possible thanks to the Secretary of the Holy See for Relations with States, Monsignor Paul Gallagher. His kindness gave us access to the Vatican archives, which was another expression and confirmation of the excellent relations between Montenegro and the Holy See."
The organizers of the edition expressed special gratitude to the Minister of Culture Aleksandar Bogdanović as he initiated and supported the realization of this long-term project, which represents the first step in systematic research and publication of material from the Vatican archives related to the history of the Montenegrin state.
The coronavirus pandemic made it impossible for us to present this significant edition, printed by Cetinje's "Obod," earlier in both Montenegro and the Vatican. We hope that the presentation of the book "Monumenta Montenegrina Vaticana" will be organized with the participants when the conditions make it possible, as this is what the work certainly deserves," reads the Ministry of Culture's statement.
Source: RTV Cetinje
November 20, 2020 - The rights of children in Montenegro are generally respected, although there is still room for improvement, according to Snezana Mijuskovic, Deputy Protector for the Rights of Children, Social Welfare and Youth. On the occasion of International Children's Day, November 20, Mijušković pointed out that, unfortunately, there are still differences in the exercise of these rights in the north, south, and central parts of the country.
"No matter where they live, kids should enjoy the same rights. That is why we have implemented many activities in the previous period to raise children's awareness of their rights to a higher level and educate them on who to turn to in situations when they think that their integrity is threatened, "said Mijuskovic in a statement for Radio Bijelo Polje.
She points out that there is room for progress in almost all areas, and of particular importance, as she emphasized, are education, health care, and access to various services.
"All life issues are of great importance, but the problem of poverty and social exclusion is something that should be under the watchful eye of all institutions. Also, protecting kids who belong to vulnerable groups is especially important, whether they be children with disabilities or those from minority communities. Children of the Roma community specifically have many problems, including those related to their living conditions, that lead to the poorer exercise of their rights, stated the Deputy Protector for the Rights of Children, Social Welfare, and Youth.
What distinguishes this year from all previous ones, according to Mijušković, is the situation in which the whole world has found itself, being that of the coronavirus pandemic.
The coronavirus pandemic has made it impossible for children to exercise their rights in the way they did before. According to Mijušković, the epidemic showed shortcomings in certain areas, and they are especially visible, as she said, in the field of education.
"Despite the Ministry of Education and educational institutions' great engagement to ensure the quality functioning of the educational system, numerous shortcomings have been noticed. The transition to online teaching is a novelty that we have all faced and complicates the situation when it comes to education. The particular problem is that not all children have equal access to the Internet, not all technical means, computers, mobile phones, and other devices to follow classes. Printed materials are indeed being delivered to those children, but in practice that puts those pupils in an unequal position," underlined Mijušković.
Source: Radio Bijelo Polje
November 19, 2020 - The celebration of the feast of Our Lady of Health, November 21, which in Boka is celebrated not only by Catholics but also by believers of other confessions, is a real example of this area's ecumenical characteristics.
On the same day, Orthodox believers celebrate the day of the Holy Archangel Michael, and Kotor and Tivat commemorate the Municipality's Day in honor of their liberation from the occupying power in the Second World War. It is unlikely that Our Lady of Health will impact the epidemiological situation on her day, but this year it may be more than usually relevant to recall her cult in Boka, which arrived through Venice.
The cult of Our Lady of Health is related to the plague epidemic that reigned in the Middle Ages, which killed many people and devastated the economy. The health and economic situation in the context of the time is therefore in some ways comparable to our current circumstances. Then, Venice asked the Mother of God for help, and when the plague stopped, the Senate decided to build a church on the Grand Canal called Santa Maria Della Salute, i.e., Our Lady of Health, for the Blessed Virgin Mary, who pulled Venice out of its horror.
The cult spread to Dalmatia, where one of the most beautiful churches of Our Lady of Health was built in Zadar. Later history connected it with Boka - Vicko Zmajević from Perast built a central altar in the 18th century, which still adorns this church. Churches of Our Lady of Health exist in Split, Dubrovnik, and Kotor.
The Church of Our Lady of Health at the Fortress of San Giovanni in the minds of the citizens of Kotor then, and today, remains extremely important and is a kind of pilgrimage church that is part of the collective consciousness of the whole of Kotor and the Bay.
"This is still one of the most beloved shrines of Our Lady in the Diocese of Kotor. On the feast of Our Lady of Health on November 21, hundreds of believers make a pilgrimage there, which is a lot considering that this does not include those who want to, only those who can"- it was pointed out on the occasion of the promotion of the book "Kotor Votive Shrine of Our Lady of Health" by the late Vicar of the Kotor Diocese, Don Anton Belan.
The Church of Our Lady of Health in Kotor, located halfway to San Giovanni, dates from the 15th century but was rebuilt over time. It is first mentioned in archival documents in 1518.
It has a deep open narthex in the shape of a Gothic arch and is vaulted with a Gothic vault. The rest of the building belongs to the Baroque period. It has a small gothic rosette on the front. The entrance door is made of wrought iron and was mentioned as early as 1745. The Church of Our Lady of Health has modest dimensions of 9.75 x 4 m, and the narthex 3.06 x 4.65 m. It is paved with red and white stone from Đurić near Kamenar, from which part of the pavement in the church of St. Mark in Venice was built. The church has a sacristy with a stone vault, mentioned in the 18th century. Five steps raise the altar space.
Our Lady of Health Church, Painting by Nedeljko Simanić
The Church of Our Lady of Health watches over the city, completing nature and man's magnificent architecture. The bell tower was completed on March 10, 1727, when Bishop Hyacinth Zanobetti gave St. Gaudencia and Veneranda relics to be placed at the foot of the cross of the bell tower. The bell tower contains three bells made in 1930 in the famous bell foundry De Poli from Vittorio Veneta (Italy), founded in 1453. The bell tower is 18 meters high with a newly erected cross. It has an octagonal stone dome with prominent ribs.
The church is dedicated to the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the temple. It is celebrated in a particular way as Our Lady of Health on November 21. In the church, there is the tomb of the famous Kotor family Bolica, and under the narthex is the tomb of another Kotor citizen, Count Anton Luković.
The Church of Our Lady of Health can be reached by a picturesque path that is adorned by four small chapels, with 520 steps to climb.
"The Church of Our Lady of Health warned, and in a way still does today, that the mighty walls and courage of the defenders alone are not enough to protect the city, but God's protection is also needed with her motherly intercession," the Kotor diocese said.
At the end of this story of the famous sanctuary of Boka's people, we can indeed tell you: whether you are believers or not, whether on the occasion of November 21 or at some other time - head to San Giovanni and find this church. While enjoying the atmosphere of Our Lady of Health's spacious porch, in the archives also called Our Lady of Rest, you can appreciate one of the most beautiful views of the Bay of Kotor. It is also an opportunity to pause for a moment to feel the history of the ancient city and its citizens' destiny through time.
Cities with archives that preserve the teachings of centuries, such as Kotor, know that ugly times come and go. Kotor has defeated numerous epidemics in the past. Some will say this is thanks to the intercession of Our Lady of Health. If that is indeed true, may her feast bring us some help also this year.
Source: Kotor Diocese
November 18, 2020 - Zoran Zivkovic, a quiet, diligent, patient employee, a well-known producer in the film world of the region, has left the Herceg Novi and Montenegrin cultural scene forever. The consequences of COVID-19 were tragic for Zoran. He succumbed to them shortly after he was hospitalized at the Kotor General Hospital.
Zivkovic was born in 1949 in Kolasin. He received his early education in Cetinje and Belgrade. He graduated in 1983 from the Academy of Film and Television in Prague, where he later obtained a master's degree in film and television production.
For the past two decades, he has been engaged in significant projects in Montenegro and Serbia's culture and media.
Zoran Zivkovic was the producer, selector, and director of the Herceg Novi Film Festival - Montenegro Film Festival. Also, he was a member of the Board of Directors of the Public Service RTCG, program director of the Mimosa Festival in Herceg Novi, producer of the first Montenegrin national opera "Balkan Empress," as well as producer of Montenegrin representatives at Euro Song (2005, 2007 and 2008).
During his long professional career, he participated in the realization of numerous art projects, which exceptionally contributed to Montenegrin culture and art's affirmation. He realized several films, multiple music programs, videos, TV movies, and theater plays as a producer.
For many years he was engaged in the production sector of BITEF (Belgrade International Theater Festival). He was the producer of numerous theater plays, film and TV projects. Zoran Zivkovic was also a member of the jury of the International TV Festival in Bar, the Mediterranean Theater Festival - Purgatory in Tivat, the Southeast European Film Festival in Paris, then the producer of the FIAT International Alternative Theater Festival in Podgorica, and the artistic director of the Herceg Novi April Theater Festival (HAPS).
The Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts CANU published in its collection Zivkovic's works: "Herceg Novi April Theater Festival" in 2007 and "Film Festival in Herceg Novi" in 2010 (Film Art in Montenegro - Past, Present, Future, and Perspectives).
Zoran Zivkovic was a member of the Association of Filmmakers of Montenegro from 1985, a member of the Council of the Music Center of Montenegro, and the President of the Council of the Film Center of Montenegro.