September 18, 2020 - Organized by the Sports and Fishing Club Galeb from Tivat, on Sunday, September 20, the State Championship in Spearfishing will be held, which will gather about 15 most promising competitors from all Montenegrin clubs.
The sports part of the competition will be held on the open sea, from Dobreč Bay to Zagorski Pijesak beach in Donji Grbalj. At the same time, the host of the spearfishing championship is the Ribarsko Selo restaurant in Žanjic Bay.
Underwater fishers from six Montenegrin clubs will take part in the competition. In addition to the hosts, there will be divers from Sports and Fishing Club Deep Blue from Podgorica, Tuna from Budva, Mamula Herceg Novi, Sports and Fishing Club Neptun Ulcinj and Free Divers Bar. They go out to sea with an escort, each in their boat. From 9 to 12.30, when the competition is planned to end, the competitors will dive for their catch up to 200 times. According to the president of Sports and Fishing Club Galeb, Nikša Miljanić, the average depth at which the competitors will hunt is about 20 meters. On this occasion, they will dominantly apply the so-called technique "on the hole," going back to catch the fish hidden in the holes on the sea bottom.
Although the Tivat club organizes the spearfishing championship, it was decided not to dive in the waters of the bay.
"The largest part of the Boka Kotorska submarine is a protected zone in which underwater activities are not allowed. We want to promote a responsible attitude towards nature and our beautiful bay, which is why we decided to hold the spearfishing championship on the high seas. "
Nikša dives for breath and at depths greater than 40 meters. He has been practising this demanding sport since his earliest childhood, thanks to older family members who introduced him to spearfishing very early on. For the last 15 years, he is very active sportsman in spearfishing, in the previous two years trying to help the development of this sport in Tivat by organizing and promoting a local club.
One of the goals of this competition is to contribute to the formation of the Montenegrin Association for Underwater Sport Fishing, which would enable our competitors to perform at international competitions defending the colours of their country. For now, our competitors go to cups and championships individually, representing only the names of their clubs.
Until the formation of such an association, underwater fishers represent the section of the Association for Sport Fishing, so a delegate, Vladimir Vukovic, is coming to the State Championship. Miljanic points out the support of the Sports and Fishing Club Pagar from Tivat, whose president, Tonci Jandric, will judge Sunday's competition.
"This is another successful Tivat story, for which I must thank our faithful friends from Pagar. But also to local people in the business. Besides Ribarsko Selo, with us are the tavern Mala Barka, Montefish, UNA Montenegro, Majestic. But even many other individuals who helped us get the opportunity to host our colleagues from other Montenegrin clubs, "says Nikša Miljanić, President of Sports and Fishing Club Galeb from Tivat.
September 17, 2020 - Local transmission of COVID-19 infection in Montenegro is not waning. After yesterday's 230 new cases, the Institute of Public Health registered another 212 new COVID-19 patients today. In the last two days, six people have died as a result of coronavirus infection. Currently, 2482 cases of COVID-19 are active in Montenegro.
The National Coordination Body for Infectious Diseases (NKT) has decided not to introduce new epidemiological rules for the time being, but to initiate additional mechanisms of the strictest control of compliance with the already prescribed counter- COVID-19 measures. Also, the NKT decided to provide direct professional assistance to medical institutions in municipalities with a high level of local coronavirus transmission.
"Competent inspection bodies at the state and local level are obliged to start all available human and technical capacities immediately. All inspection services are engaged in one task: control of compliance with epidemiological measures and sanctioning violations of regulations."
The NKT requires the competent inspection bodies at the state and local level the highest possible efficiency and concrete results immediately.
The National Coordination Body has decided to send members of the Crisis Medical Staff to all municipalities, and first to those that are most endangered by the level of local transmission, to provide professional assistance to health institutions. "
They appealed to the citizens to respect epidemiological measures - first of all, to wear protective masks on every prescribed occasion and to keep physical distance, as well as to practice hand hygiene as often as possible.
"The increase in local transmission must be stopped before the start of the school year, which in itself poses an additional epidemiological challenge. An alternative to insufficient compliance is further restrictions. The only way to avoid this is to discipline each individual."
Epidemiologist and president of the Union of Medical Doctors of Montenegro, Milena Popović Samardžić, said that the epidemiological situation in Montenegro is becoming more complex, going according to an ugly scenario. Still, if we adhere to the measures in force, the problem could improve in two months.
"It's as if there is no National Coordination Body, institutions, as if everything is frozen, that's my feeling. We all need to ask ourselves what we can do to make this situation better, starting with the institutions. The simplest and most effective way to fight COVID-19 is to wear a mask. If we follow all the recommendations, we should improve the situation for two months ", said Dr Popović Samardžić as a guest in "Boje Jutra" on TV Vijesti.
Due to the growing number of sick and hospitalized COVID-19 patients, the doctor points out that it is necessary to introduce more drastic measures as soon as possible.
"We have to close catering facilities, gyms, casinos, to control the public gathering of young people. I ask people to wear masks indoors to make a distance. Young people bring the virus home ", said Dr Popović Samardžić, reports the Vijesti portal.
The epidemiologist points out that it is necessary to create an expert council as soon as possible that knows the strategy, a body that citizens will trust.
Dr Popović Samardžić says that there is no communication between health workers, that the Institute of Public Health keeps information to itself, and that she does not know all the COVID-19 cases in Cetinje where she works as an epidemiologist.
She points out that the strategy must be testing, looking for contacts of patients, isolation.
Dr Popović Samardđić believes that microbiologists are not sufficiently involved in the work, that they only need support in the technical sense, to be able to help their colleagues.
September 15, 2020 - The fact that Montenegro is one of the centers of plant diversity in Europe is a known fact, due to the last relict jungle in Europe and its many endemic plants. But it was not widely known that Montenegrin vineyards have genetic characteristics similar to traditional wine regions such as Bordeaux and Burgundy in France or La Rioja in Spain.
So far, the most extensive genomic study in Montenegro focused on the genetic diversity of vines has shown that the Montenegrin vineyards stand side by side with these world-famous wine regions.
A study published in the prestigious journal Nature Scientific Reports by a Montenegrin, Canadian and Spanish multidisciplinary team sampled and genotyped more than 500 vines over 100 years old across Montenegro, determining their genotype and mutual genetic connection.
This study revealed an unexpected diversity of grape genotypes with 51 unknown genotypes discovered for science, presenting new grape varieties. However, the most significant discovery is finding their genetic connection and discovering the Montenegrin vine's pedigree. This study shows that vines have been grown here for centuries and with a specific genetic structure for this vineyard.
Specifically, the Kratošija variety is the central variety that has produced the Montenegrin grape assortment in its crossbreeding with other types. Kratošija represents mother or father for 12 grape varieties, and was the most common combination sampled in old vineyards.
With its diversity, biotypes and historical data from the Budva Constitution from 1427, which describe the cultivation of Kratošija in the Middle Ages, this research shows that Kratošija has been the main variety grown in Montenegro for centuries.
Among the many descendants of this variety is the crown of Montenegrin wine production, Vranac, where Kratošija is the father of this variety and the mother is a disappearing variety, called Duljenga, found at one site only in Crmnica. Also, the basis of table grape varieties is Rozaklija, which gave 14 different types, the vine being from the monastery of St. Vasilije Ostroški, and according to written data, originates from 1672. According to tradition, this lineage was sprouted from seeds, and has been scientifically confirmed on the basis of this story. The "father" of this variety is Velja Pergola, which was found just below the monastery, suggesting the origin from the seeds due to crossing.
This research has vast international significance where Montenegro is placed in the center of diversity and the origin of Kratošija. The famous American Zinfandel and the Italian Primitivo were therefore transferrals from these areas. It is precisely the task of this scientific consortium to show the true origin of Zinfandel by sequencing the entire genome.
This study also reveals Montenegrin winegrowers' work through the centuries and the steps of secondary "domestication" of the vine by crossing it with wild vines. This practice has long since disappeared from Europe, and in this way, many famous grape varieties were created in antiquity, including Cabernet Franc.
This comprehensive study based on genomic technologies creates the potential for the development of indigenous winemaking in Montenegro. It lays the foundations for the development of this branch for the next centuries. A lot of work remains, however. All these varieties were first saved from extinction and are now propagated in the Plantaža nursery.
The next step is their examination and micro vinification to determine which varieties can make top quality wines. Also, this is only the first step in winemaking studies in this area. Work is ongoing on testing local yeasts important for wine fermentation, gastronomy development, steaming of wine, and food that will place wines at a higher level, expand this area of the tourism sector, and serve as a basis for vine tourism that has runs all year round.
September 14, 2020 - The laboratories of the Institute of Public Health have completed PCR analysis of 618 samples for the new coronavirus since the last section. Among these, 188 new cases of COVID-19 infection were registered. The total number of active COVID-19 cases in Montenegro is currently 2190.
Number of new COVID-19 patients by municipality: Nikšić 87, Berane 32, Podgorica 29, Rožaje 12, Bar 8, Budva 4, Kotor 4, Andrijevica 4, Tivat 3, Bijelo Polje 2, Pljevlja 2, Plav 1.
Since the last section, one death has been reported in a COVID-19 positive patient from Podgorica born in 1950 who was treated at the Clinical Center of Montenegro. Since the beginning of June, the total number of deaths related to COVID-19 infection is 112. Since the beginning of the year 121.
Recovery has been reported in 82 patients. The total number of active COVID-19 cases in Montenegro is currently 2190.
Since the beginning of the year, the total number of registered coronavirus infections is 6900.
The Director of the Clinical Center of Montenegro, Jevto Eraković, said that 171 patients were currently hospitalized in Montenegro.
"Thirty-two patients are in the KCCG, 16 patients in the Clinic for Infectious Diseases, and in a stable condition. In the Internal Clinic, there are 15 patients, four of whom are in a life-threatening condition, and in the Institute for Children's Diseases, we have one child inpatient.
There are 18 patients in the General Hospital of Bar, four of whom are in intensive care. In Berane - 35 patients, three of whom have a severe clinical picture. In the Nikšić hospital, 46 patients, four with a severe clinical picture. In the Brezovik hospital, 11 patients; in Kodra, three patients, in the Pljevlja hospital 16 patients, in Bijelo Polje 10 patients ", said Eraković at the press conference of the NKT.
There is no fear for the health system's efficiency, which is being proven day by day, said Director Eraković at the press conference. He announced that Berane and Niksic are currently the two most endangered municipalities and that the system will be organized so that the hospitals in those cities will be relieved as much as possible.
The capacities in Montenegrin hospitals are currently 540 COVID beds, but that number, as Eraković said, can be doubled or tripled.
"Montenegro has more than 300 respirators, which is immeasurable compared to any other health care system," Erakovic pointed out.
Dr. Zoran Vratnica, one of the three doctors / molecular biologists employed at PCR diagnostics at the Institute of Public Health, resigned today, the Union of Medical Doctors of Montenegro announced on Facebook. Dr. Vratnica will take up new employment in a private diagnostic institution, "Diagnostica," where he is a co-owner.
"On several occasions since the beginning of the COVID-19 epidemic, the Union of Doctors of Medicine has pointed out deficiencies in HR policy at the Department of Virology of the IPH. We note that the IPH employs eight microbiologists and several biochemistry engineers who were able to help exhausted colleagues on PCR diagnostics and keep up with the needs of testing," said doctors gathered in the Medical Doctors' Union.
According to unofficial information from the trade union, there are already about 1000 untreated coronavirus swabs.
The Assistant Director of the Institute of Public Health, Senad Begic, said at today's press conference of the NKT that about 1,300 samples are awaiting PCR analysis.
All persons waiting for a test result should stay in their homes until they know whether they are infected or not, said Begić. He added that at the moment, it takes up to three days to get results.
When asked by journalists about the microbiologist's resignation from the Institute of Public Health, Begic said that negotiations with him have been ongoing since January, when he expressed his desire to leave the IPH. Begic added that due to the epidemic, that decision was delayed, and he thanked his colleague for 30 years of work at the institution.
The Assistant Director of the IPH stated that three molecular biologists work in that institution and that the work continues in two shifts. A third molecular biologist is in training.
All Serbian citizens who are staying in Montenegro, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, should return to their country by Friday at 6 pm, the coronavirus Crisis Staff of Serbia appealed.
They announced that after that, a different regime would apply - 10-day surveillance for all passengers entering Serbia from Montenegro, BiH, Croatia, and other countries with a high incidence of COVID-19.
The Serbian Crisis Staff stated that it would not be about quarantine and self-isolation, but about surveillance, including specific measures and activities to reduce the transmission of the virus and importation of cases from abroad.
The Crisis Staff decided to consider such a step when the number of new coronavirus infections in Serbia began to grow.