This is stated in the Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment Report, which was submitted by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism to the Agency for Nature Protection and Environment.
Despite this, on Thursday, the government defined the Proposal on the Decision for the adoption of this document for the development of the coast.
The plan is made for the period up to 2030 and includes the area of six coastal municipalities, as well as the territorial sea and inland sea waters, with the exception of the area covered by the National Park "Skadar Lake" in the Municipality of Bar and Lovćen National Park in the Budva Municipality. The surface of the Land Plan is 1,591 square kilometers and the territorial sea is about 2,540 square kilometers on the surface. Compared to the previously planned construction sites, which amounted to 23,363 hectares or 15 percent of the total area of the coastal area, the new design concept foresees the construction area being reduced to 13,639 hectares or 9.1 percent. The Report states that potential new construction sites could be formed through the forthcoming General Regulatory Plan and detailed planning, which could endanger the achievement of the strategic goal of a maximum of 10 percent of construction sites in the total area of coastal municipalities by 2030. The implementation of this balance sheet, as stated, is particularly significant for the coastal offshore zone, the belt between 100 and 1000 meters from the coastline, which is planned exclusively for the development of tourism in the areas outside the settlement. Planning and landscaping is based on the preservation of natural,cultural-historicall and traditional values, with the protection of coastal areas and the application of protection measures on land and in the sea.
The plan, in the opinion of the author of the report, the experts Ana Mišurović, Vasilije Bušković and Marijana Krivokapić, is not ready for adoption until the conflicts between the planned solutions and the protected and other ecologically important areas are completely eliminated. "In the current version of the Plan Proposal, the surface area of all categories of construction sites was established at 13,639.2 hectares, which is 60.2 hectares more than the size of the construction areas in the PPPN OP Plan from November 2015. The total surface area of the construction area was changed during the development of several versions of the Plan and it generally decreased. The size of the construction area as set out in the Proposal Plan at the level of 13,639.2 hectares is 9.06% in the total area of the coastal municipalities, not counting potentially new construction sites that can be formed through the future General Regulatory Plan and detailed planning elaborate," said the report.
It is stated that the achievement of the strategic goal of a maximum of 10% of the share of construction sites in the total area of the coastal municipalities by 2030 may be questioned because the provisions in the Plan Proposal permit the construction of tourist capacities in all types of construction areas. "Including the construction area of the settlement - urban and rural, separate parts of the construction areas of the settlement and a separate construction site outside the settlement, even in the Coastal offshore zone, using the so-called 'public interest'," the Report states.
Sea threatened by the oil exploitation
The negative impacts of the Plan, as the authors point out, are in the parts within the natural areas, especially in the conflict zones, between the multiple types of planned solutions for the intended use of space and the protected and other ecologically important areas.
"These are construction sites and tourist zones, as well as traffic and energy infrastructure facilities. Negative impacts of planned construction sites will be expressed in the coastal offshore zone because of the possibility for construction that creates the Plan for the future General Regulatory Plan and detailed design plans within which new building areas will be formed with the possibility of building new facilities whose spatial location will lead to continuation and expansion the phenomenon of litoralisation, that is, the spreading and interconnection of the constructed parts in the zone of the coastal line. Natural and especially marine resources will be endangered by the increased pollution, but also by the new ways of utilizing it, including oil exploration," the Report states.
The positive impacts of the Plan are mainly related to the economic development of the coastal region.
Text by Dejan Perunicic, on June 16th 2018, read more at Vijesti