Famous Russian Admiral to Receive Memorial Sculpture in Herceg Novi

By , 11 Oct 2018, 13:03 PM News

October 11, 2018 - The memorial sculpture to the great seaman of Herceg Novi, Marko Vojnović, will be officially revealed on 25 October in the Old Town’s street bearing the name of this famous Russian admiral.

"The memorial sculpture is the work of the Herceg Novi sculptor Nikola Nikša Kosic, and its production was financed by the NGO Matica Boke and "Slavic Alliance". The initiative of Matica Boke on setting up the monument in the town of Marko Vojnović, after several years, came to an understanding of Herceg Novi Municipality and the Secretariat for Culture and Education. After drafting the conservation project and the permission of the Ministry of Culture, it was decided to place a small platoon on Marko Vojnovic Street and make it a monument to the Commander of the Black Sea Fleet, born in Herceg Novi.

The Vojnović family nobility was recognized by Venice, Russia and Austria. Marko Vojnović was born in Herceg Novi in 1750. At the invitation of Catherine Emperor, many of the sailors of the Boka Bay entered the Russian Navy in the war against Turkey in 1768-1774. Vojinović also participated in the expedition of Prince Dolgoruk in Montenegro.

He was set up in 1771 for the commander of the Polish "Auza" armed with 12 cannons, attacking the Turkish ships by cruising on the Mediterranean. With this sship, Count Vojnović successfully attacked and captured Turkish ships. That same year he captured the Vizier of Moldavian Pasha. Marko and his relative Jovan Vojnović, together with other Bokelians and Greeks, attacked the Mithilenes fortress on November 2, 1771. For the victory over the Turkish ships under the fortress of Lagos, on September 8, 1772, Count Vojnović was given the 4th-grade ordonnance of St. George. Marko and Jovan Vojnović also stood in the battle in Patras Bay with Ulcinj pirates on October 26, 1772. All Ulcinj ships were submerged. He participated in the siege of Beirut in 1773 and the landing on the island of Hios on May 30, 1774, where he commanded the ships flotilla.

After signing the abduction, Marko Vojnović performed several duties in the Russian navy. On Potemkin's command, he took over the command of the Caspian expedition on 11 June 1781, which had the task of establishing a Russian trading station on the Persian coast.

After taking over the Crimea in 1781, Marko Vojnović was sent on 6 April 1783 to the Black Sea Fleet. He was set up for the commander of the Herson Harbor. Count Vojnović was appointed on 21 April 1783 for the commander of the "Catherine’s Fame" shuttle, armed with 74 cannons, and gained the title of first rank captain. After the death of the commanding Sevastopol squadron and port, Counter-admiral Mackenzie on January 12, 1786, Captain Count Vojnović took his place, gaining the rank of counter-admiral in 1787.

Marko Vojnović is a signatory of the "Statute and Rules of the Nation of the Confraternity of Illyricum" in Trieste on September 1, 1793. He returned to Russia in 1796. He was reactivated and appointed for the head of the shipyard in the Dnieper. He was also the first director of the newly established Black Sea Naval Academy, inaugurated on August 24, 1798. This is another piece of information that says Marko Vojnović was honored after being removed from the Commander of the Black Sea Fleet.

Marko Vojnović was promoted into the rank of Admiral on March 14, 1801. The Emperor Pavle gave him the lent of St. John of Jerusalem and produced him in the "Commander of the Maltese Order".

Marko Vojnović died in Vitebska in 1807, said Matica Boke.

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